Computer Viruses (Functional Skills ICT)
This activity is part of a series of resources to help teachers delivering Edexcel Level 2 Functional Skills in ICT. All resources provided here are the strict copyright of What2Learn Ltd and must not be published elsewhere without our written consent.
In this lesson students will demonstrate and develop their knowledge of computer malware, what problems they cause, how to reduce the risk of getting them and what actions you can take if your computer becomes infected.
Standards addressed in this activity
- 2.1 select and use software applications to meet needs and solve complex problems.
- 2.5 understand the danger of computer viruses and how to minimise the risk.
- 3.1 manage files, folders and other media storage to enable efficient information retrieval.
- 4.1 search engines, queries and AND/NOT/OR, >, <, >=, <=, contains, begins with, use of wildcards.
- 5.1 recognise and take account of copyright and other constraints on the use of information.
- 5.2 evaluate fitness for purpose of information.
- 6.1 apply a range of editing, formatting and layout techniques to meet needs.
- 8.1 organise electronic messages, attachments and contacts.
- 8.3 understand the need to stay safe and to respect others when using ICT-based communication.
- 9.2 work accurately and check accuracy, using software facilities where appropriate.
- 10.1 evaluate the selection, use and effectiveness of ICT tools at the task’s completion.
Click here to download the worksheet for this lesson.
Reading for extension:
The Telegraph: 12 million people suffered computer virus in last 6 months
The Telegraph: The top 10 worst computer viruses
The Guardian: Top safety tips
Teachers – reduce your marking and develop your student’s knowledge and motivation with W2L games. There are four activities with the title ‘Computer Malware’. The best way to play these is for students to register for W2L accounts, log in and enter share code ‘832263’ to unlock the Functional Skills ICT topic. By logging in to play the activities scores will be recorded and attainment rewarded.
Alternatively, here are shortcuts to the games but scores will not be recorded:
Suggested method of delivery:
Print off sufficient copies of the worksheet in the resources section above as this will provide students with guidance on what they need to do. In the first task they will carry out research on the topic of computer viruses and other malware. Before they begin this the teacher will need to demonstrate the use of advanced skills in the use of search engines such as the use of Boolean operators. The ‘advanced search’ option in Google will help them to create effective search criteria. Students will also need to be clear on what information they are and are not looking for. In many cases an entire one hour lesson could be devoted to planning, carrying out, evidencing and evaluating this research.
Students should then start the ‘main task’ on the worksheet. In this task they need to create a brochure that can be printed out that explains the features, causes and consequences of computer malware and what actions you can take for protection . It is important that the class have the opportunity to discuss the most appropriate software application for this task and to justify their choices. The teacher should try to encourage the class towards the use of DTP software. The completed brochure may take more than one lesson to create.
In the final task in this sequence of activities students will need to email their completed document to the client. Through discussion and demonstration students need to be made aware of the appropriate layout and content of a formal email before undertaking the task. The email address in the worksheet is set up with an autoresponder so students will get an instant reply to use in their final report.
As a final plenary, it is important that the class have the opportunity to evaluate the selection, use and effectiveness of ICT tools used to complete the task.
As plenaries (and home learning) for all lessons, students should be encouraged to complete the interactive assessment tasks detailed above.